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White-throated Caracara
Phalcoboenus albogularis

Status: Lower risk

Population Trend: Stable.

Other Names: Andean Caracara, Darwin's Caracara.

Phalcoboenus albogularis
click to enlarge
Distribution: Neotropical.  Southern CHILE (Yublé) and southern ARGENTINA (Mendoza) south to TIERRA DEL FUEGO (Isla Grande). more....

Subspecies: Monotypic.

Taxonomy: This genus was formerly merged in Ibycter. This form was formerly regarded as a race of P. megalopterus (Stresemann and Amadon 1979, Amadon and Bull 1988), or vice-versa (Hellmayr and Conover 1949). This species is now generally treated as a superspecies with P. megalopterus, P. carunculatus, and probably P. striatus (Amadon and Bull 1988). Most authors have treated all four of these taxa as separate species, following Amadon's (1964) original suggestion.

Movements: Probably non-migratory.

Habitat and Habits: Occurs in montane areas in the interior, but down to sea level in the southern parts of range. Generally frequents open habitat and is often seen perched on high cliffs, hillsides, or fences (Couve and Vidal 2004). Spends long periods of time flying slowly and gliding at considerable heights and is shy and very wary (Couve and Vidal op cit.).

Food and Feeding Behavior: Feeds on carrion and offal, frequenting garbage dumps and sheep-slaughtering sites on Isla Grande, Tierra del Fuego (Fjeldså and Krabbe 1990). In Torres del Paine National Park in Patagonian Chile, it feeds mostly on cattle carcasses, but also preys on small rodents and insects, especially taking the latter by turning over cow piles (Couve and Vidal 2004).

Breeding: Little is known about the breeding habits, but according to Couve and Vidal (2004), it probably breeds from October onward in Torres del Paine National Park, Patagonian Chile, building its nest on rocky cliffs. According to Fjeldså and Krabbe (1990), eggs are probably laid in October-November. Clutch size is 2-3 whitish eggs, heavily suffused with reddish-brown. more....

Conservation: Reported as common in most parts of its rather limited range. Categorized as a species of "Least Concern" by BirdLife International (2007).

Important References: 
Bierregaard, R.O. 1994. White-throated Caracara. P. 250 in del Hoyo, J.,
  A. Elliott, and J. Sargatal (eds), Handbook of birds of the world. Vol. 2.
  New World vultures to guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.
Couve, E., and C.F. Vidal. 2004. Birds of Torres del Paine National Park,
  Patagonia Chile. Editorial Fantástico del Sur, Punta Arenas, Chile.
Ferguson-Lees, J., and D.A. Christie. 2001. Raptors of the world. Houghton
  Mifflin, Boston, MA.
Fjeldså, J., and N. Krabbe. 1990. Birds of the high Andes. Zoological
  Museum, University of Copenhagen and Apollo Books, Svendborg, Denmark.
Humphrey, P.S., D. Bridge, P.W. Reynolds, and R.T. Peterson. 1970. Birds
  of Isla Grande (Tierra del Fuego). Smithsonian Institution, Washington,
  D.C. more....

Sites of Interest:
White-throated Caracara photos.

Marin, Manuel

Last modified: 5/8/2014

Recommended Citation: Global Raptor Information Network. 2020. Species account: White-throated Caracara Phalcoboenus albogularis. Downloaded from http://www.globalraptors.org on 25 Sep. 2020

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