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Levant Sparrowhawk
Accipiter brevipes

Status: Lower risk

Population Trend: Stable.

Other Names: Short-toed Sparrowhawk.

Accipiter brevipes
click to enlarge
Distribution: Afrotropical/Palearctic. Southeastern Europe, southwestern UKRAINE and southern RUSSIA east to western KAZAKHSTAN; locally in TURKEY, Caucasia, and IRAN; winters in the Sahel zone of sub-Saharan Africa, although the specific areas are largely unknown. more....

Subspecies: Monotypic.

Taxonomy: Forms a superspecies with A. badius and A. butleri. Formerly considered to be a race of A. badius.

Movements: Complete long distance migrant (Bildstein 2006), with birds moving through the eastern Mediterranean basin and the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Sudan, and Arabia, and wintering in sub-Saharan Africa. Migrates in small flocks instead of singly, as is the case with the Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Nikolaus 1984).more....

Habitat and Habits: During the breeding season, it prefers river valleys and wooded gorges, abandoned walnut and apricot orchards, stands of willows, and scattered groves of trees (Adamian and Klem 1999). More of a ground hunter than the Eurasian Sparrowhawk, relatively slow in flight, but more maneuverable in highly vegetated habitat (Baumgart 2006). Alternates between gliding and flapping when increasing speed or height (Adamian and Klem op cit.).more....

Food and Feeding Behavior: Adults eat small birds and mammals, and young are fed insects and small reptiles (Dal 1954). On the wintering range, this species preys upon birds, lizards, large insects, and mammals, which are taken in flight or from a perch (Borrow and Demey 2001). Adept at capturing large, vigilant lizards (e.g., Lacerta viridis) (Baumgart 2006). more....

Breeding: The stick nest is placed in a tree, usually at heights of 6-12 m (Adamian and Klem 1999). Nests have been found in apricot trees in Armenia (Leister and Sosnin 19442, Dal 1949), in Russian Olives in Kazakhstan, and in elms in Turkmenistan (Adamian and Klem op cit.). more....

Conservation: Categorized globally as a species of "Least Concern" by BirdLife International. more....

Population Estimates: The European population was estimated at 4,100 to 4,900 breeding pairs by BirdLife International/European Bird Census Council (2000) and later at 3,200 to 7,700 breeding pairs (BirdLife International (2004). more....

Important References: 
BirdLife International/European Bird Census Council. 2000. European bird
  populations: estimates and trends. BirdLife Conservation Series no. 10.
  BirdLife International,Cambridge, UK.
Brown, L.H., E.K. Urban, and K. Newman. 1982. The birds of Africa. Vol. 1.
  Academic Press, London.
Ferguson-Lees, J., and D.A. Christie. 2001. Raptors of the world. Houghton
  Mifflin, Boston, MA.
Gorman, G. 1998. The status of Levant Sparrowhawk in Europe. Alula
Orta, J. 1994. Levant Sparrowhawk. P. 147 in del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, and
  J. Sargatal (eds). Handbook of birds of the world. Vol. 2. New World
  vultures to guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Sites of Interest:
Levant Sparrowhawk
Species account, with an emphasis on European populations.

McGrady, Mike
Vetrov, Vitaly

Last modified: 5/8/2014

Recommended Citation: Global Raptor Information Network. 2021. Species account: Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes. Downloaded from http://www.globalraptors.org on 20 Oct. 2021

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