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Chinese Goshawk
Accipiter soloensis

Status: Lower risk

Population Trend: Stable.

Other Names: Chinese Sparrowhawk, Gray Frog Hawk, Gray Frog-Hawk, Gray Goshawk, Grey Frog Hawk, Horsfield's Goshawk, Horsfield's Sparrowhawk, Little Sparrowhawk.

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Accipiter soloensis
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Distribution: Australasian/Indomalayan/Palearctic. Breeds in southern Russian Far East, KOREA, central and eastern CHINA, KOREA, and TAIWAN; apparently winters from southeastern CHINA and HAINAN south through Indochina, PHILIPPINES, and INDONESIA to western NEW GUINEA (Waigu), and rarely western Micronesia, but the wintering range is imperfectly known. more....

Subspecies: Monotypic.

Taxonomy: Probably forms a superspecies with A. badius, A. brevipes, A. butleri, and A. francesii. Also called "Chinese Sparrowhawk" in many references.

Movements: Complete long distance, trans-equatorial migrant (Bildstein 2006). This is one of the species that dominates the "East Asian Continental Flyway," a 7,000-km overland system extending from northeastern Siberia to eastern Indonesia and New Guinea (Bildstein and Zalles 1995, Germi et al. 2009). The northeastern breeding population migrates through Korea, southern Japan, and Taiwan to South East Asia and Philippines, and other populations cross the Yellow Sea from North Korea via the Shandong Peninsula to eastern and southern China, then head south to the winter range. It is estimated that 400,000 of these birds move back and forth along this route annually (Chong 2000). Germi et al. (2009) documented nomadic movements of wintering Chinese Sparrowhawks on Sangihe Island, Sulawesi. more....

Habitat and Habits: Frequents forest edge, selectively logged forest, open woodland, open country with trees, lightly wooded cultivation, and ricefields (Coates and Bishop 1997). Migrates in large soaring flocks, sometimes with Japanese Sparrowhawks (Wells 1999, Kennedy et al. 2000). On its breeding range, it is unobtrusive, often perching in the dense foliage of tall trees, but during migration and in winter, it is quite conspicuous, perching on prominent tree branches or from the tops of coconut trees and calling loudly (Germi et al. 2009). This species hunts from subcanopy perches, usually at the edge of a forest, overlooking a cleared area (Coates and Bishop op cit., Kennedy et al. 2000). Germi et al. (op cit.) saw birds still-hunting from crop trees, building roofs, and light poles around an air field on Sangehi Island, Sulawesi. more....

Food and Feeding Behavior: Feeds on frogs, lizards, large insects, and caterpillars (Coates and Bishop 1997). Catches flying insects, including cicadas, and other prey from the air or ground (Kennedy et al. 2000). A migrant flock was seen feeding on swarms of termite alates in Bali (Germi and Waluyo 2006), and observations on Sangihe Island, Sulawesi, and other islands suggested that this species is nomadic and opportunistic in its winter range, following local food abundances as seasonal insect emergences occur (Germi et al. 2009). more....

Breeding: Breeds from early May to August in Korea. The nest is a flat saucer of sticks, lined with green leaves, and placed in the fork or on a lateral branch of a tree, often near a wetland. Clutch size is 2-5 eggs. Incubation and nestling periods are apparently unrecorded.

Conservation: Generally common breeding species over a large range and the most abundant and conspicuous migratory raptor in eastern Asia. Categorized globally as a species of "Least Concern" by BirdLife International. more....

Population Estimates: A maximum of 409,000 individuals were recorded in migration in Taiwan in 2004 (Chen 2005), and 225,000 birds were counted in fall migration in Sangihe in 2007 (Germi et al. 2009). Germi and Waluyo (2006) counted 84,000 accipiter migrating through Bali. These totals led Germi et al. (2009) to estimate a total of at least 350,000 Chinese Sparrowhawks streaming into Indonesia each autumn, and they suggested that many of these birds keep moving south to winter in eastern Wallacea and/or western New Guinea (Irian Jaya).

Important References: 
Ali, S., and S.D. Ripley. 1978. Handbook of the birds of India and
  Pakistan. Vol. 1. 2nd edition. Oxford University, Delhi, India.
Brazil, M. 2009. Birds of East Asia: China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, and
  Russia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Ferguson-Lees, J., and D.A. Christie. 2001. Raptors of the world. Houghton
  Mifflin, Boston, MA.
Kwon, K.-C., and P.-O. Won. 1975. Breeding biology of the Chinese Sparrow
  Hawk Accipiter soloensis. Miscellaneous Reports of the Yamashina Institute
  for Ornithology and Zoology 75(5):63-84.
Medway, L., and D.R. Wells. 1976. The birds of the Malay Peninsula. Volume
  V. Conclusions and survey of every species. Witherby & Penerbit University
  Malaya, London and Kuala Lumpu, Malaysia.
Naoroji, R. 2006. Birds of prey of the Indian subcontinent. Christopher
  Helm, A&C Black Publishers Ltd., London.
Orta, J. 1994. Chinese Goshawk. P. 149 in del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, and J.
  Sargatal (eds). Handbook of birds of the world. Vol. 2. New World vultures
  to guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.
more....

Sites of Interest:
VIREO
Chinese Sparrowhawk photos.

Researchers:
Adi Purwanto, Asman
Germi, Francesco
Kasorndorkbua, Chaiyan
Kim Chye, Lim
Lim, Aun -Tiah

Last modified: 4/22/2012

Recommended Citation: Global Raptor Information Network. 2014. Species account: Chinese Goshawk Accipiter soloensis. Downloaded from http://www.globalraptors.org on 23 Apr. 2014








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