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Black Baza
Aviceda leuphotes

Status: Lower risk

Population Trend: Unknown.

Other Names: Black-crested Baza, Indian Black-crested Baza, Lizard-hawk.

Aviceda leuphotes
click to enlarge
Distribution: Indomalayan/Palearctic. Northeastern INDIA, BANGLADESH, NEPAL east to southern CHINA and south through MYANMAR and THAILAND; ANDAMAN ISLANDS; winters from SRI LANKA south to SUMATRA and JAVA. more....

Subspecies: 3 races. A. l. syama: Northeastern INDIA and eastern NEPAL to southern CHINA (Guangdong, Hainan), and possibly northern MYANMAR; occasionally in northern CHINA, TAIWAN, and KOREA; winters through Southeast Asia south and east to SUMATRA; A. l. leuphotes: Southwestern INDIA, southern MYANMAR, and western THAILAND; A. l. andamanica: Southern ANDAMAN ISLANDS. more....

Taxonomy: The species of Aviceda were originally thought to be related to falcons because of their notched bill, but they are probably most closely related to kites. Wink and Sauer-Gürth (2004) found that they constitute an independent lineage clustering near the base of the Accipitridae in the Gypaetus/Neophron assemblage, based on nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene.

Movements: Partial migrant and also an altitudinal migrant (Bildstein 2006). Northern populations are migratory, passing over the western lowlands of the Malay Peninsula, but they do not occur among the migrating raptors moving along the east coast (Wells 1999).

Habitat and Habits: Occurs in lowland broad-leafed evergreen, deciduous forest, coniferous forest, freshwater swamp forest, and open areas with streams in its breeding range and on migration. On the Malay Peninsula, it is found in winter and migration in mangroves and the fairly open canopy and edge of inland lowland mature and disturbed forest, tall secondary-growth, mature oil-palm, rubber plantations, and well wooded gardens (Wells 1999). Often found in small flocks, especially during migration (Robson 2000).

Food and Feeding Behavior: Feeds on lizards and insects, including cicadas, mantids, crickets, and dragonflies (Carey et al. 2001). Also reported to chase fruit bats (Rousettus leschenaulti) at dusk (Ades 1993). Insects are grabbed in short, sweeping sallies from high lookout perches and also by crashing onto and scrambling about in foliage, mostly at the canopy level, but down to the ground at the edge of clearings (Edgar 1947).more....

Breeding: The nest is a bulky structure placed 18-21 m above the ground (Robson 2000). Clutch size is 2-3 unmarked grayish-white eggs, which are usually nest stained. Myanmar eggs averaged 37.3 x 31 mm (Robson op cit.). more....

Conservation: Categorized globally as a species of "Least Concern" by BirdLife International (2009). more....

Important References: 
Carey, G.J., M.L. Chmabers, D.A. Diskin, P.R. Kennerley, P.J. Leader, M.R.
  Leven, R.W. Lewthwaite, D.S. Melville, M. Turnbull, and L. Young.
2001. The
  avifauna of Hong Kong. Hong Kong Bird Watching Society, Hong Kong.
Clark, W.S. 1994. Black Baza. P. 108 in del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, and J.
  Sargatal (eds.), Handbook of birds of the world. Vol. 2. New World vultures
  to guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.
Ferguson-Lees, J., and D.A. Christie. 2001. Raptors of the world. Houghton
  Mifflin, Boston, MA.
Naoroji, R. 2006. Birds of prey of the Indian subcontinent. Christopher
  Helm, London.
Robson, C. 2000. A guide to the birds of Southeast Asia. Princeton
  University Press, Princeton, NJ.
van Balen, B.S. 1998. Tropical forest raptors in Indonesia: recent
  information on distribution, status, and conservation. Journal of Raptor
  Research 32:56-63.
Wells, D.R. 1999. The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula, covering Burma
  and Thailand south of the eleventh parallel, Peninsular Malaysia and
  Singapore. Volume One. Non-passerines. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

Deshmukh, Ajit
Kim Chye, Lim
Naoroji, Rishad K.

Last modified: 5/3/2010

Recommended Citation: Global Raptor Information Network. 2022. Species account: Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes. Downloaded from http://www.globalraptors.org on 27 Jan. 2022

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