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Madagascar Buzzard
Buteo brachypterus

Status: Lower risk

Population Trend: Increasing.

Other Names: 


Buteo brachypterus
click to enlarge
Distribution: Afrotropical. Endemic to MADAGASCAR. more....

Subspecies: Monotypic.

Taxonomy: Forms a superspecies with B. buteo, B. trizonatus, B. oreophilus, and possibly B. jamaicensis and B. ventralis. Some have treated it as a race of Buteo buteo.

Movements: Irruptive or local migrant (Bildstein 2006), but most individuals are probably sedentary.

Habitat and Habits: Occurs in a wide range of habitats, including forests, open woodland, and secondary habitats with scattered trees. Highly adaptable and occurs in some degraded habitats, but less common on the deforested central plateau. Spends much time perching in a large or dead tree. Berkelman (1996) found a high density of breeding pairs in rainforest. more....

Food and Feeding Behavior: An opportunistic hunter, feeding on a wide variety of prey, including rodents, small and medium-sized birds, snakes, lizards, amphibians, terrestrial crabs, and invertebrates (Berkelman 1994, Goodman and Langrand 1996). Feeds mostly by descending on small vertebrate prey from a perch, but occasionally soars overhead. more....

Breeding: Builds a stick nest placed in the upper fork of a large forest tree, palm, or on a cliff ledge. Nests are often lined with fresh sprigs of green leaves. Clutch size is usually 2 eggs. This species exhibits siblicidal behavior. more....

Conservation: Relatively common throughout Madagascar, except for the forested plateau (Berkelman 2000), and the population may be increasing as a result of forest fragmentation. Occasionally taken for food by local villagers (Thorstrom and René de Roland 2000, Thorstrom et al. 2003). Categorized globally as a species of "Least Concern" by BirdLife International.

Important References: 
Berkelman, J.D. 1993. Ecology of the Madagascar Buzzard, Buteo
  brachypterus
, in the rain forest of the Masoala Peninsula. M.Sc. thesis,
  Boise State University, Boise, ID.
Berkelman, J.D. 1994. The ecology of the Madagascar Buzzard Buteo
  brachypterus
. Pp. 255-256 in B.-U. Meyburg and R.D. Chancellor (eds.),
  Raptor conservation today. World Working Group on Birds of Prey, Berlin, and
  Pica Press, Blaine, WA.
Berkelman, J. 1995. Nest site characteristics of the Madagascar Buzzard
  in the rain forest ofr the Masoala Peninsula. Condor 97:273-275.
Berkelman, J. 1996. Breeding biology of the Madagascar Buzzard in the rain
  forest of the Masoala Peninsula. Condor 98:624-627.
Berkelman, J. 1997. Food habits of the Madagascar Buzzard in the rain
  forest of the Masaola Peninsula. Condor 99:833-835.
Dee, T.J. 1986. The endemic birds of Madagascar. International Council for
  Bird Preservation, Cambridge, UK.
Goodman, S.M., and O. Langrand. 1996. Food remains found in a nest of the
  Madagascar Buzzard (Buteo brachypterus) in the Vohbasia Forest. Working
  Group on the Birds in the Madagascar Region Newsletter 6(2):13-14.
Ferguson-Lees, J., and D.A. Christie. 2001. Raptors of the world.
  Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA.
Kemp, A.C. 1994. Madagascar Buzzard. P. 192 in del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott,
  and J. Sargatal (eds). Handbook of birds of the world. Vol. 2. New World
  vultures to guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.
Kruckenhauser, L., E. Haring, W. Pinsker, M.J. Reising, H. Winkler, M.
  Wink, and A. Gamauf.
2003. Genetic versus morphological differentiation of
  Old World buzzards (genus Buteo; Accipitridae). Zoologica Scripta
  33:197-211.
Thorstrom, R., and L.-A. René de Roland. 2000. Status and conservation of
  raptors on the Masoala Peninsula, Madagascar. Pp. 35-41 in R.D. Chancellor
  and B.-U. Meyburg (eds.), Raptors at risk. World Working Group on Birds of
  Prey, Berlin and Hancock House, Blaine, WA.
Thorstrom, R., L.-A. René de Roland, and R.T. Watson. 2003. Falconiformes
  and Strigiformes: ecology and status of raptors. Pp. 1080-1085 in S.M.
  Goodman, and J.P. Benstead (eds.), The natural history of Madagascar.
  University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
more....


Last modified: 1/11/2011

Recommended Citation: Global Raptor Information Network. 2014. Species account: Madagascar Buzzard Buteo brachypterus. Downloaded from http://www.globalraptors.org on 23 Apr. 2014








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